Research production among economics academics in Portuguese universities

Margarida M Pinheiro


This article analyses which factors seem to influence the research production of economics academics in Portuguese universities. The availability of the empirical data from the one-off national Portuguese census on degrees’ accreditation collected via the curricular files that all university academics had to submit to the national accreditation body (comprising an extensive list of detailed information regarding each academic in every public university) allowed for the opportunity of the study. The methodological procedures involve the analysis of the relationships between variables, an additive ordinal logistic model, a hierarchical cluster analysis and optimal scaling techniques. The results provide detailed information on the factors that influence research output production by academics and the relationship to factors shaping the academic career. This work has, at least, two main advantages: to describe the research performance of the academics by the time the new career statutes replaced the previous ones within a context of enhancing quality and productivity; and to be part of a scholarly reference that can be used (in a comparative perspective) for future studies.


A3ES (2009), Regulations on the Assessment and Accreditation Procedures, Lisbon: Agência de Avaliação e Acreditação do Ensino Superior.

—— (2014), ‘Guião para a autoavaliação (Self-assessment guide)’,ão_ACEF_2014_2015_Univ_Polit_PT.pdf. Accessed 12 September 2016.

Abbott, M. L. (2011), Understanding Educational Statistics Using Microsoft Excel and SPSS, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Adcroft, A. and Taylor, D. (2013), ‘Support for new career academics: An integrated model for research-intensive university business and management schools’, Studies in Higher Education, 38:6, pp. 827–40.

Albert, C., Davia, M. and Legazpe, N. (2016), ‘Determinants of research productivity in Spanish academia’, European Journal of Education, 51:4, pp. 535–49.

Babu, A. R. and Singh, Y. P. (1998), ‘Determinants of research productivity’, Scientometrics, 43:3, pp. 309–29.

Bolli, T. and Schläpfer, J. (2015), ‘Job mobility, peer effects, and research productivity in economics’, Scientometrics, 104, pp. 629–50.

Bonaccorsi, A. and Secondi, L. (2017), ‘The determinants of research performance in European universities: A large-scale multilevel analysis’, Scientometrics, 112:3, pp. 1147–78.

Boud, D. and Lee, A. (2009), Changing Practices of Doctoral Education, Oxford: Routledge.

Carvalho, T., Özkanlı, Ö. and Machado-Taylor, M. de L. (2012), ‘Perceptions and attitudes of senior managers towards gender in academia: A comparative study from Portugal and Turkey’, Educação, Sociedade e Culturas, 35, pp. 45–66.

Chou, C. (2014), ‘Why the SSCI syndrome is a global phenomenon?’, in C. P. Chou (ed.), The SSCI Syndrome in Higher Education: A Local or Global Phenomenon, Taipei: Sense, pp. vii–xv.

Cohen, J. (1988), Statistical Power Analysis for the Behaviorial Sciences, New York, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

DGES (2009), ‘Decreto-Lei no 205/2009 de 31 de Agosto - Estatuto da Carreira Docente Universitária’ (‘Decree-Law no. 205/2009 of 31 August – Statute of the University Teaching Career’), Diário da República, 1a série (No. 168), p. 31.

Dundar, H. and Lewis, D. R. (1998), ‘Determinants of research productivity in higher education’, Research in Higher Education, 39:6, pp. 607–31.

Elsevier (2017), Gender in the Global Research Landscape, Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Evans, L. and Nixon, J. (2015), Academic Identities in Higher Education, London: Bloomsbury.

Ewan, C. and Calvert, D. (2000), ‘The crisis of scientific research’, in J. Garrick and C. Rhodes (eds), Research and Knowledge at Work, London: Routledge, pp. 51–74.

Farcas, D., Bernardes, S. F. and Matos, M. (2016), ‘The research-teaching nexus from the Portuguese academics’ perspective: A qualitative case study in a school of social sciences and humanities’, Higher Education, 74:2, pp. 239–58.

Guellec, D., Larrue, P., Roy, S. and Weko, T. (2018), OECD Review of the Tertiary Education, Research and Innovation System in Portugal, Paris: OECD.

Guimarães, P. (2002), ‘The state of Portuguese research in economics: An analysis based on publications in international journals’, Portuguese Economic Journal, 11:1, pp. 3–25.

Hendriks, P. H. and Sousa, C. A. (2013), ‘Practices of management knowing in university research management’, Journal of Organizational Change Management, 26:3, pp. 611–28.

Hespanha, P. and Portugal, S. (2015), ‘Welfare cuts and insecurity under the rule of austerity: The impact of the crisis on Portuguese social services’, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 5:4, pp. 1110–32.

Kalaitzidakis, P., Mamuneas, T. and Stengos, T. (1999), ‘European economics: An analysis based on publications in the core journals’, European Economic Review, 43:4, pp. 1150–68.

Kirman, A. and Dahl, M. (1994), ‘Economic research in Europe’, European Economic Review, 38:3, pp. 505–22.

Larivière, V., Vignola-Gagne, E., Villeneuve, C., Gélinas, P. and Gingras, Y. (2011), ‘Sex differences in research funding, productivity and impact: An analysis of Quebec university professors’, Scientometrics, 87:3, pp. 483–98.

Lopes, A., Boyd, P., Andrew, N. and Pereira, F. (2014), ‘The research-teaching nexus in nurse and teacher education: Contributions of an ecological approach to academic identities in professional fields’, Higher Education, 68, pp. 167–83.

Maroco, J. (2003), Análise Estatística com Utilização do SPSS (Statistical Analysis Using SPSS), Lisbon: Sílabo.

Maske, K. L., Durden, G. C. and Gaynor, P. E. (2003), ‘Determinants of scholarly productivity among male and female economists’, Economic Inquiry, 41:4, pp. 555–64.

Mata, J. (2002), ‘O ensino da economia a não economistas’, Economia: Revista Quadrimestral, 26, pp. 41–53.

McKercher, B. (2015), ‘Why and where to publish’, Tourism Management, 51, pp. 306–08.

Neary, J., Mirrlees, J. and Tirole, J. (2003), ‘Evaluating economics research in Europe: An introduction’, Journal of the European Economic Association, 1:6, pp. 1239–49.

Neave, G. (1988), ‘On the cultivation of quality, efficiency and enterprise: An overview of recent trends in higher education in Western Europe, 1986–88’, European Journal of Education, 23:1&2, pp. 7–23.

Neave, G. and Amaral, A. (2012), Higher Education in Portugal 1974-2009: A Nation, a Generation, Dordrecht: Springer.

Nerad, M. and Heggelund, M. (2015), Toward a Global PhD? Forces and Forms in Doctoral Education Worldwide, Washington, DC: Center for Innovation and Research in Graduate Education (CIRGE).

Niemi, A. (1975), ‘Journal publication performance during 1970–1974: The relative output of southern economics departments’, Southern Economic Journal, 42:1, pp. 97–106.

Paradeise, C. and Thoening, J. C. (2013), ‘Academic institutions in search of quality: Local orders and global standards’, Organization Studies, 34:2, pp. 189–218.

Pereira, M. M. (2017), Power, Knowledge and Feminist Scholarship: An Ethnography of Academia, London: Routledge.

Pestana, M. H. and Gageiro, J. N. (2009), Análise Categórica, Árvores de Decisão e Análise de Conteúdo, Lisbon: Lidel.

Rørstad, K. and Aksnes, D. W. (2015), ‘Publication rate expressed by age, gender and academic position: A large-scale analysis of Norwegian academic staff’, Journal of Informetrics, 9, pp. 317–33.

Santiago, P., Tremblay, K., Basri, E. and Arnal, E. (2008), Tertiary Education for the Knowledge Society – Special Features: Governance, Funding, Quality, Paris: OECD.

Sarrico, C. S., Rosa, M. J., Teixeira, P. N. and Cardoso, M. F. (2010), ‘Assessing quality and evaluating performance in higher education: Worlds apart or complementary views?’, Minerva, 48, pp. 35–54.

Sarrico, C. S., Teixeira, P. N., Rosa, M. J. and Cardoso, M. F. (2009), ‘Subject mix and productivity in Portuguese universities’, European Journal of Operational Research, 197:1, pp. 287–95.

Sarrico, C. S. and Pinheiro, M. M. (2015), ‘The characteristics of Portuguese management academics and their fit with teaching accreditation standards’, Management Decision, 58:3, pp. 533–52.

Siegfried, J. (1972), ‘The publishing of economic papers and its impact on graduate faculty ratings, 1960–69’, Journal of Economic Literature, 10:1, pp. 31–49.

Sousa, C. A., Nijs, W. F. and Hendriks, P. H. (2010), ‘Secrets of the beehive: Performance management in university research organizations’, Human Relations, 63:9, pp. 1439–60.

Timothy, D. J. (2015), ‘Impact factors: Influencing careers, creativity and academic freedom’, Tourism Management, 51:3, pp. 313–15.

Walters, K. (2015), ‘Enhancement of research and development in Portugal: Stimulation for innovation and the economy’, Perspectives on Business and Economics, 33:10, pp. 93–103.


  • There are currently no refbacks.